InterDOC Logo3iInterDOC LogoInterDOC Logo





(Link to the PDF of the slides is in the presentation’s title)

20 November


Venue: Palazzo Bo – Via Otto Febbraio, 2

– Welcome –

9:00 – 9:30
Giuseppe Zaccaria – Rector of University of Padova
Flavio Corradini – Rector of University of Camerino
Massimo Bitonci – Mayor of Padua
Stefano Paleari – CRUI President
Stefania Giannini – Italian Minister for Education, University and Research

– Keynotes –
Chairperson: Fulvio Esposito
Chair, High Level Group on Joint Programming of European Research (GPC)

9:30 – 9:45
The emphasis of the Marie Sklodowska-Curie actions on triple i doctoral training
Paul Harris – European Commission
For many years the EU has been financially supporting doctoral-level training for researchers. The principal mechanism is the Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA) of the EU Horizon 2020 programme for research and innovation. The MSCA for 2014 to 2020 build on a strong track record in financing high-quality doctoral programmes. The standards required for MSCA funding are those endorsed by Ministers under both the European Research and Higher Education Area processes – the ‘triple i’ dimension is at the heart of them. The number of doctorates that the MSCA are expected to support – 25 000 PhDs by 2020 – is more than double the number for the previous seven-year period. The first results of the 2014 calls for proposals are encouraging.

9:45 – 10:00
Marco Mancini – Head of DPFSR-Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research

10:00 – 10:15
Doctoral education in Europe today: EUA-CDE perspective
Melita Kovacevic – EUA, Chair of the Steering Committee
Increased mobility and international cooperation are important steps in the integration of the EHEA and ERA, which will make Europe capable to fully utilize its potential for education and research. Doctoral education has a strategic importance in successfully implementing visions for internationalisation of universities and for collaboration between academia and external stakeholders. Which can be concrete research policies and strategies to enhance the quality of doctoral education within Europe?

10:15 – 10:30
Do we need to rethink the Doctorate in Social Sciences and Humanities in Europe
J.H.H. Weiler – President, European University Institute – Fiesole
There is considerable variation – in, for example, duration of program, nature and length of doctoral thesis, funding, and other programmatic requirements – among the various Member States. This, in and of itself, is not in my view where the major challenge to doctoral studies rests though of course the various moves for the transportability of the degree and Union wide access to the labor market should continue.
There is, however, recent innovative experiences various Member States notwithstanding a great commonality in one respect: Most of the doctoral programs across the Union continue to be ‘dissertation-centric and supervisor-centric.’ It is still the case that in a very large number of universities, a doctoral program consists of little more than assigning a doctoral student to his or her supervisor. This model has been dominant for decades in in some cases for a century and more.
It is not surprising that in recent years various interesting attempts have been made in different Member States to revisit the doctoral programs in the Social Sciences and Humanities – though with very little cross-information and pooled reflection.
Here are some of the key issues which may be the core of such reflection on the future of the degree:
To what extent should the degree enlarge the component of course based professional specialization alongside the dissertation? (American Model).
To what extent should the degree enlarge the component of course based general academic literacy alongside the dissertation?
Should the degree program include examination based evaluation of the above (currently extremely rare)
A large number of doctoral graduates progress to academic careers. Yet it is extremely rare to find programs that include a component of preparing the doctoral students to the life of a university professor: Course design, didactic skills, publication strategy etc. How can this be remedied?
A considerable number of doctoral graduates do not progress to academic careers – yet few programs have any skill set training in management, public organization etc. Should we contemplate different doctoral streams – academic and vocational?
What is the real utility (and how to measure it) of the various cross border doctoral programs? Are they a token and a gesture or a real contribution to the quality of the doctorate?


Chairperson: Joseph Weiler – European University Institute – Fiesole

11:00 – 11:20
Internationalisation of doctoral education and institutional responses
Thomas Jorgensen – Deputy Director of the EUA Council for Doctoral Education

11:20 – 11:40
Moving Toward the European Research Area
Daniela Corda – Italian Delegate to Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions Progr. Committee
11:40 – 12:00

Chairperson: Melita Kovacevic – EUA, Chair of the Steering Committee

12:00 – 12:20
Interdisciplinary Learning in Doctoral Education
Mary Mc Namara – Head of Graduate Research School, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland and Steering Committee, Council for Doctoral Education, EUA
In our global society, complex questions cannot be answered by a single methodology and todays problems need input from several disciplines. Most researchers agree with the idea of interdisciplinarity, but is it possible for a doctoral candidate to practice true interdisciplinarity? How do we prepare doctoral candidates to work beyond the boundaries of one discipline?
There are many advantages to interdisciplinary learning as part of a PhD. New knowledge is often created at and innovation occurs at the boundaries of disciplines. PhD candidates in interdisciplinary fields learn to collaborate and communicate with other researchers and so are better prepared for diverse career paths across many sectors in a global job market.

12:20 – 12:40
Interdisciplinarity Revisited
Inge Knudsen – Office Director Coimbra Group
As an integral element of the triple “i”, interdisciplinarity has attained a significance far beyond the concept’s original meaning. This reflects realities of the 21st century, influences policies, and creates possibilities and new aspirations, in universities and amongst their graduates.
12:40 – 13:00


– Lunch Break –


Chairperson: Mary Mc Namara – Head of Graduate Research School, Dublin Institute of Technology

14:10 – 14:30
Benefits of the CIFRE system for PhD students, public laboratories and companies
Denis Randet – Délégué général, Association Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie
The « Conventions Industrielles de Formation par la REcherche » have a major original characteristic : the PhD student is employed by a company, his time being shared between the company and the lab which ensures the academic supervision. This provides benefits to the three partners :
– the student is better paid and has better chances to find a job
– the lab and the company start or pursue a cooperation
– the company gets an involved researcher, used to work in both academic and private environments, and can test his potential.
The french government helps in giving the company 14 000 €/year, through ANRT which has managed the system for now 33 years. The annual salary of the student has to be at least 23 484 €. Approximately 10% of the new french doctors choose the CIFRE way. Thousands of companies and almost all the french labs have used it.
International aspects
CIFRE are opened to foreign students, then employed by french companies. Co-supervision by foreign laboratories is possible.
Several other countries are interested. Various schemes of cooperation are possible. In 2013, ANRT signed an agreement with the brasilian government.

14:30 – 14:50
Industrial Doctorates: Where innovative Enterprises meet Outstanding Students
Lucia Regolin – University of Padova
Since 2010/11 the University of Padova has been activating combined programs of doctoral training and professional career. This is obtained through special contracts signed between companies and PhD students, who are therefore employees as well as students. Currently (2013/14) we have 14 students/employees engaged in such positions. These innovative programs respond to the need of building higher and professional skills requested from the labour market, as well as provide companies with innovative ideas and leading research training. The success of this initiative was confirmed by a recent survey run through several focus groups and questionnaires directed to the academic and industrial tutors as well as to the PhD students

14:50 – 15:10
Eureka project: a cooperative agreement among Regional Government, Enterprises, and Universities for doctoral training
Cristina Miceli – Università di Camerino
In the last three years more than 200 projects for doctoral research have been co-funded under a trilateral agreement and co-supervised by mentors from the four universities of Marche Region and local enterprises. University researchers and managers of the enterprises conceive and outline projects in a collaborative interaction. In order to focus the attention on what is relevant for the development and the vocation of the territory, research topics are fixed as reference also in agreement with the Regional Government. Doctoral candidates are selected by a call that in some universities is open at international level. Admitted candidates spend part of their research experience in the company and they also follow a programme to acquire transferable skills. The first group of doctoral candidates will discuss the thesis in 2015: positive achievements and critical points emerge.
15:10 – 15:30


– Coffee Break –


Internationalisation in doctoral training: collaborative projects, co-tutelle, joint doctorates
Moderator: Thomas Jorgensen – European University Association

16:00 – 16:15
EPFL’s policy in terms of internationalisation of doctoral studies – ITN cQOM as a success story
Magdalena Szwochertowska – École Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne

16:15 – 16:30
The International PhD program in Biomedicine and Neuroscience at the University of Palermo
Francesco Cappello – University of Palermo

16:30 – 16:45
European/International Joint PhD in Social Representations and Communication (part#1, part#2)
Annamaria Silvana de Rosa – University of Rome “La Sapienza”

16:45 – 17:00
The Gran Sasso Science Institute
Eugenio Coccia – Gran Sasso Science Institute
The synergy of a doctoral school with a Research Infrastructure may
increase the number and quality of foreign researchers in Italy. The Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI) is a new international PhD school and a center for research and higher education. The GSSI aims to create a new center of scientific excellence in L’Aquila fostering the skills and highly specialized structures already present in the area, such as the Gran Sasso National Laboratories of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN).

17:00 – 17:15
International Erasmus Mundus Doctorate in Quaternary and Prehistory
Marta Arzarello and Carlo Peretto – University of Ferrara
17:15 – 17:45


Intersectoral mobility: which impact on future employment?
Moderators: D. Randet – Délégué général, Association Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie
Paul Harris – European Commission

16:00 – 16:15
Intersectorial PhD – yet another effort for making PhD-candidates attractive?
Anne Beate Maurseth – Director Graduate programmes, University of Bergen
Collaboration with non-academic sectors has become an increasing value in the PhD education all over Europe. Horizon 2020 call for Innovative training network and different ways of organizing industrial PhDs and even Public PhDs have been more and more frequent in order to make the candidates employable outside academia. The challenge has been to convince the non-academic sector that there is a need for research trained staff in their industry. However the future might show that even academia will have to adapt to this situation and recruit people with a more diverse background and that interaction between the sectors will be a more common feature.

16:15 – 16:30
Establishing intersectoral networks for young researchers: some best practices at Ghent University
Dieter De Bruyn – Doctoral Schools Coordinator, University of Ghent, Doctoral Schools Coordination Unit

16:30 – 16:45
Doctoral research and companies: cooperation for industrial development and innovation
Roberto Montanari – University of Rome Tor Vergata
The problems of modern industry are more and more complex and require an intersectorial approach that puts together different competences. In several cases the experimental techniques and the methods of calculus, modelling and simulation, typical of engineering must be supported by knowledges specific of other disciplines. Therefore, experts of chemistry, applied physics, medicine are present in the PhD scientific panel.
The PhD programme of Industrial Engineering is like a “melting pot” where different competences and expertises meet to produce new projects and to realize machines, products and services of practical use. The research activity is carried out by PhD students under the supervision and with the help of tutors.
We believe that students at the end of their doctoral route must be able to solve industrial problems. This is of the utmost importance independently on their future employment, in academy (a little part) or in the industry (the large part).
In addition to a scientific method, it is mandatory an intersectorial and interdisciplinary approach because real industrial problems often present many different and interrelated aspects; rarely they are restricted to single topics.
Aiming to this target, problems and ideas are discussed and compared in periodic meetings of the PhD Programme on themes of large interest such as the engineering research of medicine interest, the production and conversion of energy, new materials etc.
Some presentations are given by students, others by professors. Some topics represent just new ideas to develop, other correspond to industrial products realized on the basis of the research work carried out in the frame of PhD.
The practice is very useful for both students and professors. On the one hand students go beyond the specific subject of their thesis to get a more general vision fundamental for developing capability and flexibility in problem solving at the basis of their future work in academy, research centres and industry. On the other hand it is possible to achieve relevant technical results.
Some examples are given to illustrate how doctoral research leads to a strong cooperation with industrial companies and to the realization of products and services of practical and economic interest.

16:45 – 17:00
Strong interdisciplinarity between medicine and engineering: PhD Technology for Health
Emilio Sardini – university of Brescia
The Doctoral Program in “Technology for health” trains students through a strong interdisciplinary education in engineering, medical and biological fields to develop high level problem-solving abilities focalized to address the issue of Health. Nowadays these fields of research are of enormous scientific and technical interest to both industry, governmental organizations, and to the society in general.
The doctorate opens interesting possibilities of extended study and participation in high level international research. It develops skill that can help the graduates to be future innovator: the participation of the graduates to the creation of spin off and start-up companies is stimulated also with the help of the recent strategic plane Health&Wealth of the University of Brescia.
The Doctorate was born in the 2009 to solve scientific aspects of social necessity of human health with a new formula that includes a strict collaboration between medical and engineering scientific areas.
Scientific collaboration of Faculty members with prestigious research institutes in Europe, North and Sud America, facilitates the students to enter into the world of international research through meetings with scientists and long stay to foreign laboratories.

17:00 – 17:15
SINCHEM: The European Doctoral Programme on Sustainable Industrial Chemistry
Stefania Albonetti – University of Bologna
SINCHEM is a three-year international joint Doctoral School in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry offered by a consortium of 30 partner institutions (7 full partners and 23 associated members). Strong industrial links to major companies in the field are a key part of SINCHEM. The programme seek to exploit fundamental knowledge to applied development by developing collaborations between high-level academic and industrial teams across Europe. The main mission will be to transfer sustainable/green chemistry from idea to innovation.
The Doctoral Programme has been approved for funding ins 2012 within the framework of the Erasmus Mundus initiative (only 9 out of 133 have been granted). This talk will describe the key points of the programme and give some insight into the value of exposure to non-academic environment for PhD students.
17:15 – 17:45


Inter- and trans-disciplinarity for a better career pathway: which criticisms and which advantages
Moderator: Inge Knudsen – Office Director Coimbra Group

16:00 – 16:15
Innovating in Doctoral Studies: Implementing Instruments and Ideas with Intelligence
Maria Morràs – Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona
It is hard to object to the necessity of interconnecting different fields and sectors into Doctoral Programmes in the 21st c. Both academia and society have been requiring a radical change in the training of doctorates in order to incorporate knowledge and innovation both into industry and into basic research. Interconnection is agreed upon as the crucial key to it. Innovation will emerge as a natural consequence of linking: the fragmented areas through inter- and transdisciplinarity; the parochial research approaches, groups and cultures through internalization; and the too narrow focused on benefits and immediate results industry and institutions with universities through intersectorial collaboration.
There is no magic wand or shortcut to attain this ideal, almost utopian state. For it implies an adjustment of all parts involved –not only the universities. In my presentation I will draw what I see as the requirements to implement this comprehensive approach to Doctoral Studies with some success

16:15 – 16:30
Actively engaging PhD students in acquiring transferable skills. The LEADER (Learning Environments for the Advancement of Doctoral Excellence in European Research) course
Louisa Lawes – 
Head of Researcher Development
Institute for Academic Development, University of Edinburgh
Initially developed by University members of the Coimbra Group Network, LEADER is an intensive training programme aimed at addressing the training needs of future researchers in the complementary skills required to lead large-scale, collaborative research programmes involving partners from multiple sectors. In addition, LEADER can provide a “train-the-trainer” experience, allowing academic and professional staff, to develop experience in facilitating this kind of workshop.
This talk with describe the critical elements of the LEADER programme and give some insight into the value of running intensive, residential transferable skills courses for PhD students.

16:30 – 16:45
Innovation at International, Intersectorial, and Interdisciplinary level: PhD in Health Food Innovation and Management
Francesco Contò and Claudia Piccoli – University of Foggia
The Ph.D. Course called “Health Food Innovation and Management “is composed by professors belonging to 4 Departments of the University of Foggia (Economics, Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Medical and Surgical Sciences), 1 Department of the University of Ferrara (Morphology, Experimental Medicine and Surgery) and 3 Researchers at the National Research Council that is main partner. The Ph.D. Course has such an innovative element the adoption of a multidisciplinary and multisectorial approach focusing on agri-food innovation and related impacts on environment and health of consumers. The Course is structured into 3 areas: Economics of agri-industrial system. Analysis of innovative processes, shelf life, environmental, economic and social sustainability of food products along the supply chain; Agri-food biotechnologies. Analysis of the technological-productive aspects to support of quality and typicality in the agri-food sector; Food and health. Analysis of nutritional aspects of innovative foods and of health-economic aspects of technological-production innovations.

16:45 – 17:00
General Education, Social Pedagogy, and Social Development
Susanne Elsen – Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

17:00 – 17:15
How to improve the PhD student’s knowledge and skills in a multicultural environment
Claudio Brancolini – Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, University of Udine
I will present and discuss about an Interdisciplinary PhD School devoted to crosscutting topics aimed at broadening the student’s vision of the PhD title beyond the limits of the individual fields of activity. This School was the result of an integrated team comprising professors from different disciplines and the work of the research support office at the University of Udine. Through a balanced mix of presentation/speeches from outstanding lecturers worldwide, the school has pursued the following tasks:
1) illustrated the role that the academia, research institutions, industry and the students could or should have in the PhD programmes according to common practices and European visions;
2) described existing models or propose new ones for an effective interaction of the different actors in the set up of successful PhD programmes;
3) discussed the organization and value of higher education and PhDs worldwide;
4) inspired the students’ minds by providing testimony of successful careers from the PhD upward;
5) strengthened the students’ ability to communicate, work and create value in multicultural research environments;
6) reinforced the students’ ability to raise funds and pursue their own research ideas in Europe.
17:15 – 17:45


21 November


– Panel discussion –
Promote a european dimension of Doctoral education/training in the Arts and complete the general discussion with the experience gained in the implementation of the triple ‘i’ approach in these disciplines
Luciano Modica – President of Academy of Fine Arts in Florence and President of National Conference of the Presidents of the Academy

9:00 – 9:20
How many “i”s in Art? – the International, Intersectoral and Interdisciplinary Dimensions in Artistic Doctorates in Music
Jeremy Cox – Chief Executive – Association Européenne des Conservatoires
Artistic Doctorates in Music are now an established feature of the European landscape of higher music education. In their emphasis upon artistic practice, both as the locus of Doctoral enquiry and as a tool in itself for generating answers to research questions, they represent a departure from the long-established tradition of ‘scientific’ Doctorates in Music in the fields of Musicology and Music Analysis.
Any new departure of this kind within an academic discipline needs allies; the early proponents of Artistic Doctorates in Music became international and interdisciplinary through necessity, but this imperative has also been beneficial in terms of finding correspondences, resonances and shared insights across countries and between artistic disciplines. At certain points, those undertaking or supervising artistic Doctorates in Music might well have seen themselves as having more in common with their fellow artistic researchers in other artistic media than with their often hostile or dismissive musicological colleagues.
This situation is now changing; many researchers are beginning to use a blend of musicological, analytical and artistically-located tools in their Doctoral study. The artistic and scientific sectors are finding a rapprochement, albeit one still tinged with caution and scepticism.
The challenge to artistic researchers is to maintain a level of expertise across all the domains that they might wish to address in their work: artistic excellence; musicological and analytical understanding; philosophical and psychological insight, etc. In this respect, the three-“i” approach has both benefits and potential dangers. This presentation attempts to map these and to suggest ways in which it can be assured that the former outweigh the latter.

9:20 – 9:40
Do we need a doctorate in the arts?
Karin Riegler – Vice-Rector for Teaching I Promotion of Early Stage Artists/Researchers, Academy of Fine Arts Vienna

9:40 – 10:00
An Italian ghost: Doctorates in Arts
Luciano Modica – President of Academy of Fine Arts in Florence and President of National Conference of the Presidents of the Academy
10:00 – 10:30


– Coffee Break –


Provide a unified view on what is believed to be most urgent to fully implement the ERA

11:00 – 11:30
Doctoral Programs on the light of the European High Education Area
Nicola Vittorio – Co-Chair of Working Group on the Third Cycle of European Higher Education Area – Bologna Follow-Up Group
I will report on the findings of the ad hoc working group on the III cycle constituted by the Bologna Follow Up Group to develop the policy recommendations on quality, transparency, mobility and employability of doctoral programs set by Ministers in the 2012 Bucharest Communiqué.

11:30 – 11:45
The evaluation of doctorate programs in Italy
Massimo Castagnaro – Board of Director, ANVUR – Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research System


Rapporteurs will present the outcomes, including statements that could be useful to University management, industry and policymakers.

11:45 – 12:00
Thomas Jorgensen – European University Association

12:00 – 12:15
Paul Harris – European Commission

12:15 – 12:30
Inge Knudsen – Office Director Coimbra Group

– Closing remarks –
12:30 – 12:50
Closing Remarks
Federico Cinquepalmi – Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research